Working Papers

This literature review seeks to understand the key ideas and debates about Public Private partnerships (PPPs) in education and health, focusing on Africa in general and South Africa in particular. It adds to the sparse literature about the role of the private sector in education and health and what the implications are for social citizenship. The first section situates the debate by considering the genesis of the debate and the conceptual roots of the growing advocacy of the private sector as a key provider of social services. It then reviews the extant literature on health followed by that of education. The conclusion draws together some of the key themes emerging from the review.

PPPs in South Africa Working Paper


This literature review seeks to understand the key ideas and debates about Public Private partnerships (PPPs) in education in India.

Education PPPs in India Working Paper


This paper is a review of studies of PPPs in the health service system in India in order to provide insight into its history and social characteristics. This review paper proposes to answer the following questions:

1.  What are the major landmarks in the development of PPPs in the health sector in India?

2.  What are the themes/programmes and levels of care where PPPs have been formed across the sub systems of the health service system?

3.  What are the implications of these partnerships for comprehensiveness of the health service system; health services strengthening and equity concerns?

4.  What is the state of PPP research in the health sector since independence to the present times in India?

Health PPPs in India Working Paper